Advanced Sea Award – Kayak Only [10]

The purpose of this test is to ensure that the successful candidates have sufficient knowledge and skill to take parties on advanced sea journeys with safety. The candidates must give evidence (i.e. log book) to satisfy the examiner that they have taken part in at least six advanced trips, totalling at least 30 hours, and have assisted the leader on at least two trips. The candidate must hold the Sea Proficiency Award which will be produced at the time at the testing. The test will be conducted on the sea, in an advanced situation.

The candidate will:

  • Present suitable equipment for the test. (Refer to Sea Proficiency).
  • Demonstrate control in advanced surfing techniques: i.e. in forwards, sideways and backwards approaches: rolling on broken waves, launching through surf and coping with dumping situations. The candidate must reveal the ability to handle 1-2 metre surf competently.
  • Demonstrate and take charge of, with partners:

    • A deep water rescue.
    • An eskimo roll.
  • Demonstrate an efficient means of towing.
  • Present evidence of an accredited resuscitation award.
  • Answer questions on the following, with the aid of a chart where necessary:

    • Repairs and maintenance.
    • The causes of tides and tidal streams, and how to allow for them.
    • The use of a compass.
    • Sea conditions and effects of winds, particularly on:

      • shelving bottom,
      • rips,
      • tide races,
      • lee shore,
      • overfalls
    • The means of obtaining, and understanding, weather forecasts.
    • Group leadership and control.
    • Estuary canoeing, coastal touring and provisions for along various coast types, e.g., beach, cliffs.
    • Types of canoes and equipment.
    • General sea canoeing knowledge.
    • Particular health risks associated with sea canoeing.
  • Plan a sea canoeing expedition of two to three days duration, in detail, from an unfamiliar chart and tide tables. The candidate will demonstrate how to lay off a course to allow for winds and/or current.
  • Be able to demonstrate the ability to paddle a compass course with external reference for a suitable period of time.

An advanced journey is one that is undertaken on open water as defined for sea proficiency, and involving a minimum of five hours paddling for which the candidate is totally self-sufficient. At least 3 trips must include an open crossing where the canoeist is committed to a minimum distance of three nautical miles from shore for a minimum distance of one mile’s paddling. At least 3 trips must include a passage along a no-landing zone (e.g., sheer cliffs) of at least seven nautical miles. Recorded wind speeds of force 3-5 with an average wave height of 1 metre. Shorter trips may be counted providing the wind speed was greater than force 6.

The logged journeys must have been carried out in three different sea areas.